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Top Hotels
Hoi An Riverside Resort < Spa
175 Cua Dai, Hoi An, Quang Nam, Vietnam
Price from: 2.300.000 VND ~ $115.00
Hidden Charm
No 22D Tuan Chau Ward, Halong City, Quang Ninh, Vietnam
Price from: 600.000 VND ~ $30.00
Tuan Chau Island Resort
Tuan Chau Island, Halong, Quang Ninh, Vietnam
Price from: 1.740.000 VND ~ $87.00
Sapphire Hotel
32A-34 Bui Thi Xuan Street, District 1 - Ben Thanh Market, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Price from: 1.040.000 VND ~ $52.00
Top Cruises
Signature Cruise Halong
Tuan Chau, Halong City, Quang Ninh, Vietnam
Price from: 3.300.000 VND ~ $165.00
Indochina Sails Halong Bay
Ha Long Bay, Halong City
Price from: 2.860.000 VND ~ $143.00
Bai Tho Junk
Halong Harbour, Halong City, Quang Ninh
Price from: 1.800.000 VND ~ $90.00
Aphrodite Cruise Halong
Tuan Chau, Halong City, Quang Ninh, Vietnam
Price from: 3.300.000 VND ~ $165.00
Top Tours
Ninh Binh The King Land 3 days
Hanoi, hoa lu Tam Coc, vietnam capital in 10 Centery, History of Vietnam,Hoan Kiem Lake, Ngoc Son Temple,Water Puppet Show, Dinh temple, Le temple, Ta
Price from: 3.800.000 VND ~ $190.00
Vietnam Classic Tours 9 days
Hanoi, Halong Bay, Sapa village, Hue, Danang, Ho Chi Minh, Hoi An, Cu Chi, Mekong delta
Price from: 27.300.000 VND ~ $1,365.00
Signature Cruise Halong 2 days
Bai Tu Long Bay – Vung Vieng Floating Village – Drum Cave – Amazing Cave – Halong Bay
Price from: 3.300.000 VND ~ $165.00
Emeraude Cruise 2 days 1 night
Halong Bay, Halong city, white sandy Beach, Amazing cave, Kayaking in Halong Bay
Price from: 2.440.000 VND ~ $122.00

Population & People

In 2001 Vietnam’s population reached 78.1 million, making it the 13th most populous country in the world. Vietnam is a young country, with an estimated 65% of the people under the age of 30. Eighty four percent of the population is ethnic Vietnamese, 2% is ethnic Chinese, and the rest is made up of Khmers, Chams and members of over 50 Ethno-linguistic groups.

Vietnam has an average population density of 225 persons per square kilometre, one of the world’s highest for an agricultural country. Much off the Red River Delta has a population density of 1000 people per square kilometre or more. Life expectancy is 66 years and infant mortality is 48 per 1000. The rate of population grownth is 2.1% per year and, until recently, ideology prevented andy effective family planning.

Unfortunately, the 15 years orso during which Vietnam encouraged large families will be a burden for some time to come. The country’s population will likely double in the next ventury; the task of reducing population growth is dounting. As in most developin countries, low education and low incomestend to encourage large families.

The government takes a carrotand stick approach to family planning. For couples who limit their family to children, thers are promises of benefits in education, housing, health care and emplyment (

though a lack of funding means these promises are often not kept). the stick comes for those who exceed the two child limit. To begin with, the government has the power to deny the third child household registration ( which is necessary to obtain an ID card, admission to school and access to various crucial permits). If the parents have a government job. they can be fired. These inducements have succeeded in urban areas – a two child family is now the norm in Hanoi and HCMC. However, these family planning campaigns have had only a minor impact on birth rates in rural areas.

Ethnic Vietnamese

The Vietnamese people ( called Annamites by the French) developed as a distinct ethnic group between 200 BC and AD 200 through the fusion of people of Indonesian stock with Viet and Tai immigrants from the north and the Chinese who arrived, along with Chinese rule ( via Champa and the Khmers), But the fact that the Vietnames were never absorbed by China indicates that a strong local culture existed prior to the millennium of Chinese rule.

The Vietnamese have lived for thousands of years by growing rice and, as a result, have historically preferred to settle in lowland areas suitable for rice cultivation. Over the past two millennia, they have slowly pushed southward along the nerrow coastal strip, defeating the Chams in the 15th centery and taking over the Mekong Delta from the Khmers in the 18th century. The Vietnamese have tended to view highland areas ( and their inhabitants) with suspicion.

Vietnamese who have emigrated are known as overseas Vietnamese or Viet Kieu. They are dislike by many local Vietnamese, who consider them cowardly, arrogant, pampered and privileged. These negative judgments are possibly coloured by jealousy. In the 1990s, returning Viet Kieu were often followed by the police and everyone they spoke to was questioned and harassed by the authorities. This has all changed, Indeed, official policy is to welcome the Viet Kieu and encourage them to resettle in Vietnam. Many Viet Kieu are cynical about this. ‘they don’t want us back, just our money, professional skills and commections’ is a comment you are likely to hear in Viet Kieu communities. That the police still often shake down the Viet Kieu for money is not encouraging. The Vietnamese press frequently writes about the importance to the economy of receiving money from relatives abroad.

Ethnic Chinese

The Hoa ( ethnic Chinese) counstitute the largest single minority group in Vietnam. To. Today, most of them live in the South, especially in and around the Cholon District of HCMC. Althought most of Vietnames’ ethnic Chinese have lived in Vietnam for generations, historically they have tried to maintain their own Chinese identities, languages, school systems and even citizenship. The have organised themselves into communities, according to their ancestors’ province and dialect. Important communities include Fujian ( Phuc Kien), Cantonese ( Quang Dong: Guangdong in Chinese), Hainan ( Hai Nam), Chaozhou) Tieu Chau and Hakka ( nuoc Hue: kajia in Mandarin Chinese).


Vietnam Guide Book

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